The Christian mob of Carthage lynches non-Christians and destroys
temples and "idols". In Gaza too, the local bishop "Saint" Porphyrius sends
his followers to lynch pagans and to demolish the remaining nine still
active temples of the city.
The 15th Council of Chalcedon orders all the Christians that still keep good
relations with their non-Christian relatives to be excommunicated (even
after their death).
John Chrysostom sends hordes of grey-dressed monks armed with clubs and
iron bars to destroy the "idols" in all the cities of Palestine.
John Chrysostom collects funds from rich Christian women to financially
support the demolition of the Hellenic temples. In Ephesus he orders the
destruction of the famous temple of Artemis. In Salamis, Cyprus, "Saints"
Epiphanius and Eutychius continue the persecutions of the pagans and the
total destruction of their temples and sanctuaries.
A new edict outlaws once more all the non-Christian acts of worship.
The emperor of the Western Empire, Honorius, and the emperor of the
Eastern Empire, Arcadius, order all the sculptures of the pagan temples to
be either destroyed or to be taken away. Private ownership of pagan
sculpture is also outlawed. The local bishops lead new heavy persecutions
against the pagans and new book burning. The judges that have pity for the
pagans are also persecuted.
"Saint" Augustine massacres hundreds of
protesting pagans in Calama, Algeria.
Another edict orders all methods of divination including astrology to be
punished by death.
The Torture and Murder of Hypatia
In Alexandria, the Christian mob, urged by the bishop Cyril, attacks a
few days before the Judeo-Christian Pascha (Easter) and cuts to pieces the
famous and beautiful philosopher Hypatia. The pieces of her body, carried
around by the Christian mob through the streets of Alexandria, are finally
burned together with her books in a place called Cynaron.
On 30th August, new persecutions start against all the pagan priests of
North Africa who end their lives either crucified or burned alive.
Emperor Theodosius II expels the Jews from Alexandria.
The inquisitor Hypatius, alias "The Sword of God", exterminates the last
pagans of Bithynia.
Dec 7th: In Constantinople all non-Christian army
officers, public employees and judges are dismissed.
Jun.8th: Emperor Theodosius II declares that pagan religion is nothing more than "demon worship" and orders all those who persist in practicing it to be punished by imprisonment and torture.
The Parthenon, temple of Athena on the Acropolis at Athens is
sacked. The Athenian pagans are persecuted.
The Council of Ephesus (The "Robber Synod") declares that "Christ
is both complete God and complete man."
On 14th November, a new edict by Theodosius II orders the death penalty
for all "heretics" and pagans of the empire.
Judaism is declared the only legal non-Christian religion.
Jan 31st: Theodosius II issues an new edict against the pagans,
blaming their "idolatry" for the recent plague.
The Christian Empire demolishes most of the monuments, altars and temples of
Athens, Olympia, and other Greek cities. More book burning
Theodosius II orders all non-Christian books to be burned.
All the temples of Aphrodisias (the City of Aphrodite) are
demolished and its libraries burned down. The city is renamed
Stavroupolis (City of the Cross).
The Council of Chalcedon. New edict by Theodosius II (4th November)
emphasizes that "idolatry" is punished by death. Assertion of orthodox
doctrine over the 'Monophysites' who say that Jesus has single, divine nature.
Sporadic persecutions against the pagans of the Eastern Empire.
Among others, the physician Jacobus and the philosopher Gessius are
executed. Severianus, Herestios, Zosimus, Isidorus and others are tortured
and imprisoned. The proselytizer Conon and his followers exterminate the
last non-Christians of Imbros Island, Northeast Aegean Sea.
The last worshippers of Lavranius Zeus are exterminated in Cyprus.
A majority of the pagans of Asia Minor (Turkey) are killed after a
desperate revolt against the emperor and his Church.
More "underground" pagan priests are discovered, arrested, paraded,
tortured and killed in Alexandria.
Full immersion (body) baptism is legislated.
Baptism is made mandatory even for those that
already confess they are Christians.
The emperor Anastasius of Constantinople orders the killing of the pagans
in Zoara, Arabia and the destruction of the temple of their local god Theandrites.