Dark Side
5th Cent. (401-500 A.D.)

Last Update: Sept 3, 2007




The Christian mob of Carthage lynches non-Christians and destroys temples and "idols". In Gaza too, the local bishop "Saint" Porphyrius sends his followers to lynch pagans and to demolish the remaining nine still active temples of the city.

The 15th Council of Chalcedon orders all the Christians that still keep good relations with their non-Christian relatives to be excommunicated (even after their death).


John Chrysostom sends hordes of grey-dressed monks armed with clubs and iron bars to destroy the "idols" in all the cities of Palestine.


John Chrysostom collects funds from rich Christian women to financially support the demolition of the Hellenic temples. In Ephesus he orders the destruction of the famous temple of Artemis. In Salamis, Cyprus, "Saints" Epiphanius and Eutychius continue the persecutions of the pagans and the total destruction of their temples and sanctuaries.


A new edict outlaws once more all the non-Christian acts of worship.


The emperor of the Western Empire, Honorius, and the emperor of the Eastern Empire, Arcadius, order all the sculptures of the pagan temples to be either destroyed or to be taken away. Private ownership of pagan sculpture is also outlawed. The local bishops lead new heavy persecutions against the pagans and new book burning. The judges that have pity for the pagans are also persecuted.

"Saint" Augustine massacres hundreds of protesting pagans in Calama, Algeria.


Another edict orders all methods of divination including astrology to be punished by death.


The Torture and Murder of Hypatia

In Alexandria, the Christian mob, urged by the bishop Cyril, attacks a few days before the Judeo-Christian Pascha (Easter) and cuts to pieces the famous and beautiful philosopher Hypatia. The pieces of her body, carried around by the Christian mob through the streets of Alexandria, are finally burned together with her books in a place called Cynaron.

On 30th August, new persecutions start against all the pagan priests of North Africa who end their lives either crucified or burned alive.

Emperor Theodosius II expels the Jews from Alexandria.


The inquisitor Hypatius, alias "The Sword of God", exterminates the last pagans of Bithynia.

Dec 7th: In Constantinople all non-Christian army officers, public employees and judges are dismissed.


Jun.8th: Emperor Theodosius II declares that pagan religion is nothing more than "demon worship" and orders all those who persist in practicing it to be punished by imprisonment and torture.


The Parthenon, temple of Athena on the Acropolis at Athens is sacked. The Athenian pagans are persecuted.


The Council of Ephesus (The "Robber Synod") declares that "Christ is both complete God and complete man."


On 14th November, a new edict by Theodosius II orders the death penalty for all "heretics" and pagans of the empire.

Judaism is declared the only legal non-Christian religion.


Jan 31st: Theodosius II issues an new edict against the pagans, blaming their "idolatry" for the recent plague.


The Christian Empire demolishes most of the monuments, altars and temples of Athens, Olympia, and other Greek cities. More book burning


Theodosius II orders all non-Christian books to be burned.


All the temples of Aphrodisias (the City of Aphrodite) are demolished and its libraries burned down. The city is renamed Stavroupolis (City of the Cross).


The Council of Chalcedon. New edict by Theodosius II (4th November) emphasizes that "idolatry" is punished by death. Assertion of orthodox doctrine over the 'Monophysites' who say that Jesus has single, divine nature.


Sporadic persecutions against the pagans of the Eastern Empire. Among others, the physician Jacobus and the philosopher Gessius are executed. Severianus, Herestios, Zosimus, Isidorus and others are tortured and imprisoned. The proselytizer Conon and his followers exterminate the last non-Christians of Imbros Island, Northeast Aegean Sea.

The last worshippers of Lavranius Zeus are exterminated in Cyprus.


A majority of the pagans of Asia Minor (Turkey) are killed after a desperate revolt against the emperor and his Church.


More "underground" pagan priests are discovered, arrested, paraded, tortured and killed in Alexandria. Full immersion (body) baptism is legislated.


Baptism is made mandatory even for those that already confess they are Christians. The emperor Anastasius of Constantinople orders the killing of the pagans in Zoara, Arabia and the destruction of the temple of their local god Theandrites.