Holocaust Evidence

'Holocaust Victims
Accuse...' (1977)

Excerpt from: Reb. Moshe Shonfeld, The Holocaust Victims Accuse, Documents and Testimony on Jewish War Criminals, Pt I (NY, 1977)

Page Index

Prologue: - Introduction to Booklet

Excerpt: - The Holocaust Victims Accuse : Chapter I

    Forward: The Hidden Dangers of Zionism (excerpt)
    Chapter I: Previous Researchers
      Conclusion 1: Eternal Hatred to the Eternal Nation
      Conclusion 2: The [Roman] Catholic Church - The Cruel Enemy
    Chapter II: Jewish War Criminals

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Why Quote this Booklet?

The booklet we excerpt from below is important historical and political evidence first of all in support of the existance, and also the severity of the infamous Holocaust (especially given current controversy caused by attempts at historical revisionism).

Secondly, this booklet provides credible independent corroboration of the complicity and support by the Roman Catholic Church Hierarchy for Hitler's program to exterminate the Jews, from independant respectable Jewish sources. This is the aspect that immediately concerns us.

The booklet also provides evidence of complicity by powerful secular Jewish power groups (i.e., Zionists), but that in our view remains controversial, and is of secondary historical importance. We include enough of Chapter 2 in the excerpt below for the reader to get an idea of the direction the author is heading regarding "Jewish war criminals". He is not supporting Jewish conspiracy theories, but rather lamenting the lack of Jewish morality and integrity among those Jews who abandoned their own religious beliefs and practice, to follow Zionism and other secular philosophies.

What is undisputed is that the Roman Catholic Church Hierarchy is one of the largest European power bases, and is probably equivalent to or greater than a large country, in its religious and economic power. Its rulers and policy makers plainly had knowledge of and the power to greatly limit, if not stop the Nazi Holocaust. The fact that they did very little to stop Hitler from killing the Jews is highly incriminating, especially given their vested religious interest and previous historical persecution of the Jews.

It may surprise readers to discover that some of the worst holocausts during the period of World War II actually occured outside Germany, and that Roman Catholic Authorities were deeply involved in what were apparently massive genocides, inspired by religious conflicts, for instance the so-called "Croatian Holocaust" in which Jews, Serbs and Gypsies were mass-murdered (caution: gruesome visual evidence is presented in these links):

The Untold Holocaust: - Serbia, Croatia
Vatican's Holocaust : - Croatia Death Camps Part 1 of 6
Holocaust in Croatia: - Rescuing the Evidence Part 1
Croatian Nazis: - Worst Killers in History

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The Holocaust
Victims Accuse


Taken from:
Reb. Moshe Shonfeld, The Holocaust Victims Accuse, Documents and Testimony on Jewish War Criminals, Pt I (NY, 1977)

Headings and boldface have been added for clarity and navigation purposes.


Three  Enemies of Judaism

At a national conference of Tzirei Agudas Yisroel, which took place during the establishment of the "State of Israel", the delegates came to one decision which aroused a furor even amongst factions of Agudas Yisroel, and "Hamodia" refused to publish it, as a matter of principle. The controversial resolution stated:

"We declare that, at this time of the establishment of the state, our beliefs in the past remain the same: Zionism constitutes a danger, spiritual and physical, to the existance of our people."

...the booklet which we are publishing here, "Serufay Ha Kivshonim Maashimim" ("The Holocaust Victims Accuse"), serves as an attempt to show, by means of testimonies, documents and reports, how Zionism and its high-level organizations brought a catastrophe upon our people during the era of the Nazi holocaust.

... The reading material in the pamphlet before us is very bitter, but it is essential that we look into it and absorb it in order to know the secular enemy and to understand his character and nature. The essays printed in the booklet include just a small part of a serious accusation, which exposes the leaders of Zionism as war criminals, who contributed their share to the destruction of six million of our people.

...The Zionist approach, that Jewish blood is the anointing oil needed for the wheels of the Zionist state, is not a thing of the [recent] past. It remains operable to this very day [i.e., 1977].

...Since the existance of Zionism, one constant trend of thought has been the direction of Weismann, Greenbaum, Sharett, Ben Gurion, Ehrenpreisz, Kastner, Stephen Wise, the councils in the ghettoes and the rescue committees of the free world: The only yearning was for the State. The people as a whole, or a segment thereof, were merely the means for the realization of a "homeland". Whoever did not serve this purpose might as well have not been created.


Three  Enemies of Judaism

Every day, thousands of Jews were transported to a place from whence they didn't return. They were tortured in every way... No one remembered them or thought about them, and certainly no one took a public stand against the countless murderers and exterminations in the fiery furnaces with such unfamiliar names as Treblinka, Bergen-Belsen, Maidanek, Dachau, and Buchenwald. During those frightful years, all was quiet. No one cared. No one said a word.

Their declarations of G-d's Oneness poured forth from their lips quietly, but ascended straight up to the Heavenly Throne. The most plain and simple Jew, totally bewildered by the events that led up to his being murdered was, in the final analysis, persecuted only because he was a Jew. This is part of our holiness and loftiness as the Almighty's chosen nation. Our sanctification of His Name is enshrined forever and we would have it no other way.

The fact, however, that our people were brutally murdered by beastly agents of the Angel of Death in human form would be totally inexplicable to us, if it were not for the understanding we derive from our holy Torah...

The rabbis of Hungary, also saw the awesome fulfillment of these dire warnings in the Torah's list of retributions; maintaining that it all happened to us because we didn't come out strong enough against the Zionists.

...What is this "Zionism" that can bring even potentially priestly Jews down to such depths?

It is the desire to throw off the guide and the light of the Almighty and His holy Torah and to merely live like all other peoples. It means seizing our Holy Land and perverting its Divine purpose for the sake of having just another "land" like everyone else. But even here, our prophets tried, several millenia ago, to transmit to us the Almighty's warning as to what would happen if we followed such a path. Ezekiel prophesied:

"If you say, 'let us be like all the other nations of the world', As I live," vows the Almighty, "If not with a strong hand and outstretched arm, then with the full force of My wrath shall I reign over you!"

- Ezekiel 20:32

...In 1933, when all the nations were still at peace with this wicked man, Hitler; when there was no other way but to employ the tried and true method of using humbleness and soft words, these self-appointed Zionist leaders acted to the contrary to the dictates of wisdom, and contrary to the oaths to which the Almighty had sworn the Jewish people in exile not to rebel amongst the nations.

...Throughout history, the Jewish people were many times in danger of being exterminated, Heaven forbid. The axiom that "Esau hates Jacob" is reproven amidst our people in every generation with blood and tears. Everything possible to obliterate this unwritten law hasn't helped. Our enemies are constantly reminding us, but the Almighty has pity on His poor nation. He gave us righteous and truthful advocates and intercessors.

...In our generation, the Jewish people left this time-proven method that was accepted by our forefathers. We forgot the only way that we could survive and live in exile -- especially during difficult times. We forgot that the leaders of our people have to be leaders in the Almighty and believers in the Torah.

As Rabbi Michael Ben Weismanndel writes in one of his letters, their [the Zionists'] fraudulent approach stood against them in making them ridicule and despise our traditional way of dealing in humbleness. They joked and made light of the Jew who tread gracefully and graciously in front of the ruling authorities. It was in this respectful way that almost all Jews used to exist. But because of those who mocked, and with their methods, they brought almost the entire Jewish people into the ways of nationalism and Zionism, articulating demands, rather than requests.

There is no doubt that the Almighty will take revenge for the blood of his servants. The spilled blood of the Jewish people will not be forgotten. But that falls within the realm of the Almighty, blessed be He.

What belongs to us, what we have to learn from this, we must learn from the past for the present and for the future. ...THis is a book that cries out to heard and taken to heart. It demands that the reader meditate on why the Almighty did these things, why he was enraged about us, what we did and what we did not do, and what we had in our power to do. ...who we and all of Kial Yisroel are supposed to act.

..."Jewish war criminals" is a phrase that was not included in the lexicon of either the "yishuv" in Eretz Yisroel or in the diaspora. It is not even found in the remotest fantasies and imaginations of anyone's mind.

On the contrary, from the hundreds of books, tens of thousands of articles and millions of words written and spoken on the Holocaust (which, itself has been turned into a Zionist battle cry which we abhor, but have been forced to use for identification purposes), the opposite seems to be suggested -- that there were no Jewish war criminals.

For this reason, the author of this work has unfolded before everyone's eyes his uncovering of the mask worn by the Jewish collaborators, who stood at the helm of the Zionist movement and gave their hands to the Nazi beasts.

Lest you may ask, "Why should we uncover this, why should we open old wounds?" this is to warn you to beware that there might be within your heart an iota of desire to serve this Zionist idol, or to get close to it and be within its realm. Know who were its leaders, even at its beginning, and develop a full comprehension of how, when Jews descend, they descend down to the abysmal depths.

Chapter 1

Three  Enemies of Judaism

"Amongst those who sanctified the AlMighty's Name in the holocaust - and none can reach their lofty goal - stands tall the exalted figure of the pious Rabbi Michael Dov Weissmandel, the son-in-law of the Rabbi of Nitra, of blessed memory.

Fortunately, he did not shared the same fate as those holy martyrs, but during the five years of destruction, he stood like Aaron the High Priest --- redeemer and savior --- between the living and the dead, trying to ward off the angel of death. All his thoughts, efforts and strength were primed for one purpose --- rescue. He, alone, remained of all his family and congregation. His injured heart absorbed the agonies of the holocaust. The war ended. Life returned to its normal course. Even the survivors begain to reestablish their destroyed houses. Only he could not find solace or peace of mind. THe holocaust endured inside him with all its fright. He lived it day and night, even after he arrived at the safe harbour of the United States. For many years he wrestled with doubts. Did he have the right to be silent? Or was he obligated to throw in the face of the world the full measure of the cry of Rabbi Ishamel, the High Priest, when the strippers of his skin approached the place of his tefillin?

When Rabbi Michael Dov approached the time to leave this world and return his soul to the treasury where the martyred souls of his tortured holy brethren repose, he quickly compiled the notes which were to form his book, "Min HaMaitzar" ("From the Depths"). It was published posthumously by the Nitra Yeshiva, whifh he had established in the United States. Bewailing the agonies of the people, as in the Book of Lamentations, as the prosecutor who has an irrevocable warrant, as an historian who writes a memorial, and as the representative of his people who confesses and atones for himself and his congregation, so arises the towering figure of Rabbi Weissmandel in his book --- this, the Lamentations of the Holocaust. Above all, Rabbi Weissmandel was a Jewish leader of the same high caliber of the "parnasim" of former generations, who gave their lives for their congregations and steered their ships through tidal waves of hate with much understanding, fearless heroism and hands unsoiled with bribery.

They appeared in front of the wicked of the world to rescue, protect and save those marked for death. Their work was done with quiet humility and without self-aggrandizement. "Min HaMaitzer" was not meant to memorialize the past, but was intended for more: to teach us morality, to draw conclusions from the extended front of our relationship with the world and to form the internal front of our line of demarcation with the Secular Jewish Establishment --- which forced itself upon the Jewish people and seized its leadership.

Conclusion 1:

Eternal Hatred to the Eternal Nation

From their burning desire to be free of the glorified uniqueness which the AlMighty intended for His people in the wilderness of nations, the secular propagandists created the illusion that our relationship to the nations of the world could develop along the same lines as allies or enemies.

Undoubtably, there were a scattered few righteous individuals amongst these nations who endangered themselves to save Jews in our generation - as some have in every generation - and in our collective consciences, past and present, we have always remembered them with gratitude. But, as we know, the exception only proves the rule; and the majority have opposed these gracious exceptions.

It was the intention of some people to present the Germans, alone, as the symbol of vice; but, in fact, many nations saw the Germans as their convenient instruments in Jew-killing. Western democracies hurried to close their gates to escaping refugees, while in Communist Russia, machine guns mercilessly cut them down and often reddened the Volga River with their blood. Tens of thousands who succeeded in escaping across the border were sent to Siberia for a slow death by starvation and hard labour -- their only crime being that they were Jewish. The Nazi labour camps had their equal in the wastes of Siberia.

Jewish People Isolated

It seems we want to forget how these partisan groups that fought the Nazis would kill those Jewish refugees who sought their aid and even engage groups of armed Jewish partisans who were fighting the same German enemy. In occupied countries, the local populace felt strong hatred for the Nazi invaders. Nevertheless, it collaborated in exterminating Jews, either by outright murder, or by turning them over to the Nazis.

With the outbreak of World War II, Zionist Leaders boastfully decreed the Jews to be a "warring nation", which had joined the Allies in their war against Germany. But the Allies never accepted the outstretched hand of this uninvited 'friend'.

Churchill's Britain offered, to butchered Jewry, an impressive ceremony of standing in silence in Parliament. At the same time, it willfully issued only a restricted amount of entry visas and allowed thousands to perish.

Similarly, Roosevelt's America refused to loosen its immigration laws. At first, the German occupation forces refused to activate the racist laws against German nationals abroad. The quickly discovered no grounds for concern, however, as the Western democracies issued no complaints in the face of the murder of their citizens.

No Bombing Raids on Death Camps

Thousands of bombers were flown nightly by the United States and Britain to destroy German cities, but in the death camps of Auschwitz, Maidanek, and Treblinka, the inmates searched the skies in vain for a single bomb to prevent one furnace from burning 13,000 Jews per day.

In his many letters, Rabbi Weissmandel implored the Allies to bomb the extermination campsl and especially the railroad tracks that led to them. For this purpose he drew up exact plans of the camps and precisely mapped out their railroad systems. One of the letters fell into the hands of the Germans, who mocked its message by saying:

"From now on, whenever Germans want to secure their trains from enemy bombs, all they have to do is write in large bold letters on the roof of the trains that they are transporting Jews for extermination."

There was much truth in this mockery. There existed an unwritten understanding between the two fighting blocs: The Germans would exterminate Jews and the Allies wouldn't stop them, but would only offer words of protest and consolation. The Jews in Poland had an expression: 'If a Pole meets me on the wayside and doesn't kill me, it is only from laziness.'

In the days of the holocaust, the Gentile world was split in half: Half the planet turned into an axe and their inhabitants into executioners, while the other half became an impregnable, closed fortress with its inhabitants standing by with indifference or with gloating. The historical axiom of eternal hatred to the eternal nation is not broken by the exceptional phenomena in Scandinavian countries, because this same axiom has a qualifier which states:

The strength of Anti-Semitism exists in proportion to the percentage of Jews in the Gentile population, and to the importance of their contribution to culture, economics, and politics.

The Scandanavian concern for the Nazi victims derives from the infinitesimal percentage of Jews in these countries.

Obadiah prophesied the crimes and punishments of the great-grandsons of Esau:

But you should not have gazed on the day of your brother in the day of his disaster, neither should you have rejoiced over the children of Judah in the day of their destruction; neither should you have spoken proudly in the day of their distress. You should not have entered into the gate of my people in the day of their calamity; indeed, you should not have gazed on their affliction in the day of their calamity, nor have laid hands on their substance in the day of their calamity.
Neither should you have stood in the crossway, to cut off those of his that escape; neither should you have delivered up those of his who did remain in the day of distress.
For the Day of the L-rd is near upon all the nations; as you have done, it shall be done unto you; your dealing shall return upon your own head.

Conclusion 2:

The [Roman] Catholic Church -
The Cruel Enemy

From the day we were exiled from the Holy Land, the Catholic Church was worse to us than all the kings of the earth. All its steps on the stage of history were tracked with Jewish blood. One of its unwrittend laws is that the Jews deserve the worst punishment for rejecting their "savior" with two hands.

Rabbi Weissmandel writes, in "Min HaMaitzer":

In Nitra, there was an 82 yr old archbishop named Komenatka. When the deportations from Slovakia began in the year 1941, Rabbi Samuel David Ungar the rabbi of Nitra, was entreated to go plead before the archbishop to halt the deportations. The wicked old man said to the rabbi of Nitra:

"This is not just deportation. There you won't die from hunger and disease. There you will be slaughtered: from the elderly to the infants, children and women, -- all in one day. And this is the punishment you deserve for the death of our savior. You've only one alternative - to convert. Then I will try to cancel the decrees."

- Min HaMaitzer

Terrible years passed and in the year 1944, the axe fell on the last of Slovakian Jewry. Rabbi Weissmandel endangered his life by appearing in front of the Papal Nuncio and describing to him the terrors of Auschwitz. He pleaded against the deportation of more than 20,000 Jews. The Papal Nuncio threatened Rabbi Weissmandel with an immediate Gestapo arrest and added:

"There is not a Jewish child in the world without blood-guilt. All Jews are liable in this matter and deserve to die - and this is the punishment awaiting them for that crime."

This representative of the Church demanded that the Prime Minister of Hungary mercilessly murder the Hungarian Jews, as was done in neighboring Slovakia.


This is not a coincidence at all that there are some reports that the Vatican helped Eichmann in his flight, and equipped him with a bogus passport. The same demon (Eichmann) drew upon the Catholic Church for his inspiration for the Final Solution to the Jewish Problem. The Yellow Badge and the ghetto were the Satanic inventions of the Catholic Church, and were employed for hundreds of years. The passionate commitment of Eichmann to root out every last hiding Jew and to exterminate him has precedence in the Church's Inquisition, which zealously tracked down the remainders of the forced converts.

Eichmann proclaimed during the Israeli investigation that he deplored mass murder by shooting, since it develops sadistic tendencies in the executioners. He therefore preferred murder by poison gas. Even here is heard the echo of hypocritical Catholic piety which, because 'Christian love" forbids bloodshed, recommended for its victims death by conflagration (auto da fe). The Inquisition, which burned at the stake tens of thousands of Marranos, developed systems of torture and perfected special mechanisms for such situations.

The Popes graced this epoch with the title, "The Holy Inquisition". We can only suppose that if the Church's hand was as strong as it was in medieval days, it would confer upon Eichmann, too, the title of "holy", and would set aside a day for honoring "Saint Adolf" on its calendar.

Hypocrisy of Secular Jewish Leadership

When the former Pope Pius XII died, the heads of the World Jewish Congress and representatives of the State of "Israel" hurried to sing the praises of this sly enemy of the Jewish people, while Reform and Conservative "rabbis" competed in their displays of mourning and portrayed him as a savior of Jews during the holocaust!

Roman Catholic Complicity

But what is the historical truth? The Pope did take a few "steps" to prevent the expulsion of Italian Jews, and so continued the 'pious' Vatican tradition. But as the Popes the past, who were the architects of persecution and slaughter of Jews in Catholic Europe throughout the Middle Ages, supposedly defended the lives of Jews of Rome and other Italian cities -- thus demonstrating, by public actions, Catholic 'piety' -- it was not until the year 1945 (!), i.e., until the Fall of Germany, that the Pope published his annual pastoral letter, which would have discredited anti-Semitism and supported the saving of Jews from slaughter.

Specifically, the Catholic population in all the German occupied countries slaughtered Jews without pity, encouraged by their priests. The Poles, the Lithuanians, Austrians, Croatians, Slovaks and Hungarians were all fanatical Catholics, and all had unsatiable appetites for Jewish blood.

Those cruel pythons, the Polish clergy, instigated - after the fall of the Nazis - pogroms of those Jews who had miraculously survived. It was no accident that the Nazis chose Slovakia as the first country to send their Jews to extermination. In Poland, agreeing to pay more than 500 Germanmarks for each expatriated Jew. Slovakia was the only state at whose head stood a Catholic Priest: Tisa. By doing this, the Nazis wanted to demonstrate to all the European nations that there was no place for pity or for conscience. They pointed out that an independent Catholic nation whose president was a priest was leading the way in extermination of its Jews.

Rabbi Weissmandel presents a shocking document of the serpentine slyness of he who occupied the Papal Chair. When all the rabbis of Slovakia sent the Pope a petition to halt the deportation of Jews to Auschwitz, there came from the Pope a reply looking like sympathy on the outside, but tasting of poison on the inside. His reply, which sealed the fate of Slovakian Jewry, expressed his wonder that,

"a state that recognizes itself as a Catholic government should take on itself on expel 135,000 Jews to Poland, separating men, women, and children, and causing much pain to so many families. The pain increases when the Slovakian government decides to expel all the Jews without exception, even those who had converted to Catholicisim.
The Holy See would not fulfill its Divine purpose if it would not express its sorrow at these decrees, which hufrt its faithful sons, as exile will drive them from their new-found faith. "

The Slovakian government picked up the intimations of the Pope's letter and subsequently reached two decisions which were communicated to the Pope:

From then on, Jewish families would be expelled together, not separately; and the decrees of exile would not affect those who renounced Judaism. The Pope's mind was eased, and when the Slovakian Head of State, the priest and murderer, Tisa, was sentenced to death after the war, the "merciful father" of the Vatican shed a silent tear over him.

The Erosion of Judaism

"Know the Enemy" is the first rule of self-defense. As long as the Jews were healthy in their historical sense, their nausea for the Church was rooted in their nature. In our generation, the disruption of Judaism has caused a loss of perception. The government of the "State of Israel" displays deference towards the Church and some distinguished Israelis - not only a few poor people - educated their sons in missionary schools. Many youths flock to church to experience Christian holidays, and there is a tolerant attitude towards Jewish converts to Christianity and towards mixed marriages.

The active advocate of apostasy, Sholom Ashe, who had been alienated from his brothers in the United States, was received in Israel with admiration and honor. All these indications forshadow severe decline. The secular nationality which rejects Judaism, blurs the separation between Jews and Christians, and seeks a neutral stance.

Religious and cultural obliteration looms ominously in the vacuum.

Chapter 2

Three  Enemies of Judaism

The following quote is recorded in the documentary files of the Jewish Agency for the era of the holocaust:

"We have been informed that in a certain community in Poland, all the Jews of the congregation were assembled together in the shule. The Holy Ark was opened and the Jewish world leadership was cursed."

Was this perhaps an outburst of demented people doomed to die? Not at all. Even though these unfortunate Jews did not predict the immanent tragedy, their intuition foresaw more than what they consciously knew.

Hitler had two diabolical collaborators without whose help the murderer would not have been able to complete his work. The active and passive assistance of the Christian nations (including both those whom he conquered and those who were his allies) and the Jewish leaders of the conquered and free nations, alike, who violated their trust and stood by while innocent blood was shed.

At the time that Rabbi Michael DOv Weissmandel published his "Min HaMaitzar" ("From the Depths"), I wrote a review in "Digleinu", in which I intended to summarize three general conclusions from that book:

1. Eternal Hatred to the Eternal Nation
2. Amalek in the guise of the [Roman] Catholic Church
3. the Jewish criminals of the Holocaust.

The Eichmann trial was in progress, and my pen hesitated at that time to make the indictment against the criminal descendants of Abraham. Therefore, when my pen came to point three, it desisted.

...in his speech at the Eichmann trial, the prosecutor stated that it was not the occasion to inculpate the Jews who collaborated with the Nazis, which is a chapter unto itself.

...as for the shadow trial which must be held against our own bretheren, its sole purpose is educational. Secularism must be placed upon the prosecutor's bench of the guilty and exposed as the mortal enemy of our people.

There were Jews who could not resist the test of boot and whiplash and, by turning informer on their bretheren, ..gained their own freedom. Since we were not subjected to these trials, thank G-d, it is questionable that we can judge them in the full severity of the law.

But here lies the paradox: the state which designates itself as "Israel" has on its books a law demanding justice to be meted out to Nazis and their collaborators, but for those with guilt who stood at the helm of Jewry during the holocaust, there is no law to call them to account.

[picture of Jewish police in the Kovna Ghetto,
recruited from Jewish criminal elements]

...Who bore us these Jewish holocaust criminals? ...Let us hear an account from the famous writer and critic, Y. Efroiken, a standard-bearer of secularism whom the holocaust brought to the gates of repentance. In his book, "Sanctity and Valor of the Jews", he writes:

"From where did the thousands of Jewish police (kapos), who served the Germans in the concentration camps and ghettoes, come? From which circles was this infamous army recruited? THe survivors of the holocaust all concur that they originated from the underworld and from the 'maskilim' -- the very people who denounced their 'unenlightened' brethren for their traditional garb. Did not these 'maskilim' harbor the identical feelings of scorn and even hatred of their masters and officers, the Nazis?
  Question survivors of the ghettoes and camps. They will certify that the beatings they received at the hands of the Jewish 'golden youth' were filled with scorn. THey fulfilled their tasks with a zeal and a cruelty to a greater extent than that required by the German commanders.
  One is at a loss to understand why the renunciation of Judaism goes hand in hand with renouncing humaneness, why shrugging off the inner G-dly Jewish form automatically denudes one of human form and human values. Here one must record the blatant fact, verified by witnesses (including Communists, bundists, and Zionists), that Torah - true Jewry - Jews wearing traditional rabbinical or chassidic garb - never held positions in the Jewish police force, which administered ghetto Jewry, and never served as kapos or officers. Even Gentiles sympathetic to our people, who sought to describe outstanding personalities or singular heroism in the camps, could only find such examples from amongst Torah observant Jews, who never meted out beatings, who starved rather than defile themselves with 'trefos', who shared their last crust with the weak and sick."

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